Kazakh Boiled Sheep’s Head

by Florian
Kazakh Lamb's Head

When I published my beshbarmak recipe, I promised that I would soon write another post about its indispensable complement on any successful Kazakh festive dinner table: a boiled sheep’s head, to be served to the most honored guest. Well, even after several attempts at perfecting the unlikely delicacy, I must say that I still find this to be a dubious honor.

Firstly, there’s really not a whole lot to eat on a sheep’s head. This is even more true in the US, where the heads (which are lamb’s heads, really) are sold without the skin — compare my pictures below to the dish I tried in an Astana restaurant here. Not that I think the skin should be eaten, mind you, but at least it hides the fact that the only substantial edible pieces are the tongue, a couple spoonfuls of meat from the cheeks, and of course the eyes and brain.

Then there’s the preparation: boiled, served cold. Can this be any more boring? I did try to make it more exciting by finishing the head under the broiler, and while in my case this technique achieved next to nothing (other than drying out the meat), I can imagine that with the skin on, one might get a more interesting, crispy result. It’s a solution that might even satisfy tradition nazis; since the head is traditionally boiled in a kazan, and any self-respecting traditional kazan should be heated over a wood fire, all you have to do is take the head out of the cauldron and broil it directly over the flames.

Finally, the typical decoration consists of a few slices of raw onion more or less artistically arranged upon the head. While this normally looks ridiculous, by using some of the vegetables from the head’s cooking stock, I managed to achieve an even more grotesque result, somewhat reminiscent of Leatherface’s mask in The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. Maybe I should just rename my recipe in tribute to the late Gunnar Hansen. After all, in his native Iceland, sheep’s head is quite popular — it’s called Svið.

Kazakh Lamb's Head

In other words, I’m not crazy about sheep’s head, and I can’t say it’s really worth the effort to prepare at home. The meat can be quite good, but there’s just way too little of it — buy a veal’s head instead! If it’s the taste of lamb you really like, buy lamb shanks! The brains are the only part that I really care for, and there again you’d be better off getting brains from a larger animal (pork brains being the easiest to procure; check out my recipes here, here and here).

Still, for the true die-hard nose-to-tail advocates, the recipe below isn’t bad. In fact, I’d claim it’s at least as good as the sheep’s head I ate in Kazakhstan. It’s served hot, not cold, and the meat is cooked in a pressure cooker for maximum tenderness, after being briefly boiled in water first to remove impurities. And the brains on toast, a variation on the classic French cervelle meunière, are quite nice! I’d almost recommend leaving the head to your local butcher, and buying only the brains to serve alongside your beshbarmak. Your most honored guest will thank you!

Kazakh Lamb's Head - Brains

Lamb’s head fabrication

1 lamb head, about 1400 g
400 g water
20 g lemon juice

  • When buying the lamb’s head, ask your butcher to split it in half lengthwise with a band saw. Depending on how you plan to present the head to your guests, you can also ask that the two halves remain partially attached, at the snout. Scoop the brains out of the head, and cut off the tongue (don’t worry if the tongue was cut in half). Refrigerate the head and tongue.
  • In a plastic container, combine the water and lemon juice, and add the brains (which in my experience weighed about 110 g). Refrigerate for at least 4 hours.

Boiled lamb’s head
Yields about 2 servings

split lamb’s head and tongue
black pepper, ground
160 g peeled medium onions, halved
160 g peeled medium carrots, halved crosswise
400 g water
30 g butter (optional)
1/2 lemon (optional)
chives, thinly sliced (optional)

  • Place the lamb’s head and tongue in a pot filled with cold water. Bring to a boil over high heat, then boil for 3 minutes. Remove from the heat, then place in the sink, and run cold water into the pot to cool.
  • Take out the lamb’s head and tongue and season them with salt and black pepper on all sides. In the pot of a pressure cooker, place side by side on a steamer insert (essentially a little rack that prevents food from touching the bottom of the pot). Add the onions, carrots, and water. Cover the pressure cooker with its lid, bring to pressure, and cook for 45 minutes over low heat. Let rest for 15 minutes.
  • Before serving, peel off and discard the outermost layer of the tongue (the “skin”). Transfer the head and the peeled tongue to a dish, and garnish with some of the onions and carrots.
  • Optional variation: thinly slice the peeled tongue, then prepare it like the brains below, sautéed in butter and finished with lemon juice and chives.

Kazakh Lamb's Head

Lamb brains
Yields 2 servings

lamb brains in lemon water
black pepper, ground
30 g butter
2 slices bread (e.g., baguette)
1/2 lemon
chives, thinly sliced

  • Take the brains out of the water, and gently pat dry with paper towels. Season with salt and pepper on both sides.
  • In a non-stick pan, melt the butter over medium heat. Add the brains cut side down, and cook for about a minute. Tilt the pan, and start basting the brains with the melted butter using a tablespoon. If you do it right, the butter should be foaming; if the butter starts browning very quickly, lower the heat. Baste until the brains are cooked. Reserve on paper towels.
  • Toast the bread slices. Place a brain half onto each bread slice, then drizzle with a few drops of lemon juice and sprinkle with chives. Serve on the side, to eat with the head and beshbarmak.

Kazakh Lamb's Head - Brains

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