Sulguni, Georgian Mozzarella

So you’ve made your 10 pounds of Imeretian cheese and you’ve been eating grape and cheese salad for the past two weeks. You’re starting to regret letting me enroll you in that slow food movement. Here’s a half-baked solution: make sulguni! Why half-baked? Because it will shrink your cheese supply by half! 

Like mozzarella, sulguni is a stretched-curd cheese — the technique employed in making it is called pasta filata in Italian. However, the result has a firmer texture than mozzarella, closer to Polly-O than the real Italian stuff. At least, this is the version I’ve encountered most of the time, but I know that several variations exist.

Georgian Cheese - Sulguni

Sulguni is now protected by a geographical indication in Georgia. You can find all the nitty-gritty details here. In brief, there are 3 separate registrations that seem to differ mostly in cheese-shape and region of production: regular Sulguni, Megruli Sulguni (produced in Mingrelia), and Svanuri Sulguni (produced in Svaneti). Some of the specifications are just plain entertaining: “the smell is pleasant, typical for such kind of cheese”, “the taste is pure, typical for the cultured milk product” — now that’s some strict quality control! There’s some more interesting information too. For example, the milk can come from cows, goats, or buffaloes. The production method is explained as follows:

The milk fermentation takes place  at the temperature of 30-35°C. Received “Delamo” (product received from milk by enzyme) is cut and heated for the second time to the temperature of 34-37°C, the 70-80% of lactoserum is removed from it, the uniform mass is made from the cheese granules and is left for ripening to 140-150°T for “cheddarization” (method for making such kind of cheese).
The ripe cheese is cut into thin layers, is placed in water of 75-80°C and is stirred until it becomes uniformly stretching paste mass, then, it is taken from the lactoserum. The mass is cut into the preferred sizes from which the balls are made to receive the admissible form, is placed in the forms, cooled and shaped sulguni is placed in the brine, with concentration of 17-18%, at the temperature of 8-12°C. The cheese realization is permitted after 24 hours.

My recipe is inspired by Tinatin Mjavanadze’s Georgia with Taste, as well as one from Milk’s Leap to a lesser extent. It may not appear so at first, but it’s quite similar to what’s described above, minus the final brining.

Sulguni melts very well, hence its use in several Georgian dishes, such as elardji (where it’s mixed with polenta) and many khachapuri recipes. As it originates in Mingrelia, it would go naturally on top of a Mingrelian khachapuri, while the cheese mixture inside would be Imeretian.

Finally, since sulguni is sometimes smoked, I’d like to seize the opportunity to use my latest kitchen toy, the Smoking Gun. Please do not comment on this post to lament that you live in Georgia and have never seen anyone use a smoking gun other than when the mafia’s settling scores. I understand that this isn’t the most orthodox way to make smoked sulguni. But it’s fun, quick, and effective!

Georgian Cheese - Sulguni

Sulguni
Yields about 14-16 oz

about 30 oz Imeretian cheese
80 oz whey (from Imeretian cheese recipe)
5 oz heavy cream
40 g salt

  • Cut the Imeretian cheese into 1/2″-thick slices.
  • Heat the whey, heavy cream, and salt to 165 F, then transfer to a bowl.
  • Put on two pairs of latex gloves. Drop the cheese strips into the bowl, and wait about 30 seconds. Take the strips one at a time, and pinch them with your fingers to stretch them. Return to the bowl, and wait 30 more seconds. Repeat the pinching two more times.
  • Start pinching two strips together, return them to the bowl for 30 seconds, and repeat until you only have 1 big strip. At this point the cheese should have become quite elastic, and you can stretch the strip a few times.
  • Shape into a ball, and cool in a bowl of cold water for a couple minutes (if you prefer, you can make two smaller balls instead). Place the sulguni in a plastic container, and let sit 30 minutes. Drain the liquid from the container, flip the cheese, wait another 30 minutes and drain again.
  • Wrap and refrigerate. The cheese can be kept for at least a week.

Georgian Cheese - Smoked SulguniSmoked sulguni (the geeky way)
Yields about 7-8 oz

1 small sulguni (1/2 of above recipe)

  • Place the sulguni on a rack that fits inside a bowl, and cover with plastic wrap. Look at the pictures above and below for illustration: the idea is to have smoke surrounding the cheese on all sides.
  • Load a smoking gun with your favorite wood chips, turn on and light up. Fill the bowl with smoke, and let permeate the cheese for 2 minutes.
  • Remove the plastic wrap from the bowl, and let rest uncovered for 10 minutes — the smoke flavor tends to have an acrid edge that dissipates progressively.
  • Wrap the cheese, and refrigerate for at least 3 days so that the smoke flavor penetrates more evenly.

Georgian Cheese - Smoked Sulguni