Traditional Uzbek Plov

Posted by Florian in Meat, Recipes, Uzbek Food, tagged with , , , , ,

Although I’ve already posted plov recipes here and here, I wanted to go back to a more canonical version that I could submit on Ingredient Matcher. A plov that’s very traditional in its ingredients, and at the same time easy enough to prepare. No sous-vide lamb, no need to kill your own turkey, and no useless rituals à la Stalik.

A cousin of pilaf and pulao, plov (also called osh) is the national dish of Uzbekistan, and to a certain degree, Tajikistan. Almost every region has its own version, even if the differences can be quite subtle sometimes. Tashkent plov, for example, is made with yellow carrots, and can be served with kazy, horse sausage. The bases are more or less invariable, though. Expect all or a subset of the following: carrots, onions, garlic, currants, chickpeas, lamb, and a fair amount of animal fat. And of course, the essential Uzbek spices, cumin and coriander.

As for the rice, Uzbek markets sing the praises of “Alanga”, “Avangard”, or “Super Lazer”, typically ranging from medium to long grain. Since I’ve never seen any of these varietals outside of Central Asia, I would recommend using… whatever you want. Risotto rice will definitely give you better absorption, therefore a more flavorful result. Long grain American rice (not the par-boiled crap, please) will work, too, and is probably what you get at Taam Tov and Rego Park restaurants. 

Tashkent - Chorsu Bazaar - Rice

Roasted lamb shoulder
Yields 4 servings

3/4 tsp salt
1/2 tsp ground cumin
1/4 tsp ground coriander
1/8 tsp chili pepper
26 oz boneless lamb shoulder, cut into 4 pieces
0.8 oz olive oil
8 garlic cloves, peeled

  • Mix the salt, cumin, coriander, and chili pepper in a container. Season the lamb with the spice mixture on all sides.
  • In an oven-proof pan over high heat, sauté the meat in the oil until brown on all sides.
  • Add the garlic, cover with a lid, and cook in a 300 F oven for 2 hours.
  • Remove the lid, and cook for another 15 minutes. Take out of the oven, and let rest 10 minutes.
  • Reserve the meat and garlic. Transfer the cooking liquid to a plastic container to separate the fat from the jus.

Uzbek Food - Plov

Uzbek plov
Yields 4 servings

4 oz risotto or long grain white rice
2 oz currants
roasted lamb shoulder (meat, garlic, fat, and jus)
4 oz onion, thinly sliced
1/4 tsp ground star anise
1/4 tsp ground cumin
1/4 tsp ground coriander
1/4 tsp ground chili pepper
4 oz peeled carrots (various colors), cut into a julienne
4 oz chickpeas
about 10 oz vegetable stock

  • Rinse the rice under running water, then place into a bowl and mix with the currants. Reserve.
  • Heat 3/4 oz of lamb fat in the wok. Add the onions, season with salt, and cook over high heat until brown.
  • Stir in the ground star anise, cumin, coriander, and chili pepper. Add another 3/4 oz of lamb fat and the carrots, and cook until soft and golden brown, stirring regularly.

Uzbek Food - Plov

  • Add the rice and currants, the chickpeas, the lamb jus and remaining fat. Cook over medium heat without stirring, until the liquid is fully absorbed.
  • Add the vegetable stock, mix with a spatula, turn the heat down to medium-low and simmer until the liquid is almost completely gone, stirring regularly. (Supposedly you don’t stir traditional plov, but in my experience not stirring is likely to produce unevenly cooked and seasoned rice.) Taste, rectify the salt, and add stock if necessary. The exact amount of stock that you’ll need depends on the rice variety. The rice should be completely cooked, and the liquid fully absorbed.
  • Arrange the meat and garlic on top of the dish, turn off the heat, cover with a lid, and let stand for about 15 minutes before serving.

Uzbek Food - Plov